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The most interesting product constituting the promotional brand drawing upon the historic and cultural heritage of the Town is so-called ’Tomaszowska Okrąglica’. 

It encompasses: Blue Spring, Nagórzyckie Grottoes and the Open-Air Museum of the Pilica River.

 

NAGÓRZYCKIE GROTTOES

As an element of the integrated tourist product of the Town of Tomaszów Mazowiecki ’TOMASZOWSKA OKRĄGLICA’

 

CHARACTERISTICS, ORIGINS, ASSETS AND LEGAL PROTECTION

 

The artificial excavation sites situated in the southern part of Tomaszów Mazowiecki are the remains of an underground sand mine. Sand was excavated here first in order to meet the needs of local households, and afterwards in order to supply glass works (since the end of 18th century until the beginning of the 20th century).

The grottoes are composed of numerous corridors, niches and chambers, formed in the course of the process of the excavation of sand. The largest excavation site, called ’Royal Chamber’, is thirty-meter long, twenty-five meter wide and three-meter high. Each and every chamber used to have a different name, for instance: Boczna (Side), Borsucza (Badger’s), Ciemna (Dark), Jeziorna (Lake), Niedźwiedzia (Bear’s), Taneczna (Dance), Złodziejska (Thief’s).

The chaotic gophering of the excavation sites brought about the caving of one of the chambers. This disaster claimed the life of an inhabitant of Nagórzyce, and resulted in the issuance by the Russian Imperial authorities an official law forbidding the excavation of sand. Since that time on, Nagórzyckie Grottoes have become a local tourist attraction. They were forgotten and neglected for several years, and, eventually, closed to tourists due to safety considerations. 

The interests of the local authorities of the Town caused initiating, with the financial support with the use of the funds from the European Union, an investment process which will make it possible to make this interesting facility available to large numbers of tourists. 

Thanks to the project which was implemented within the framework of the Regional Operational Programme for the Łódź voivodeship for the years 2007-2013 and bearing the name ’Securing the Excavation Sites in Nagórzyckie Grottoes in Tomaszów Mazowiecki and the Adaptation of Them into an Underground Tourist Route’, a tourist product unique on a worldwide scale was developed. This is the first facility of this kind in the central part of Poland. 

 

     

LOCATION AND ACCESS BY MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION

Tomaszów Mazowiecki, 2#6 Pod Grotami Street, commune: Tomaszów Mazowiecki, county: Tomaszów, Łódź voivodeship.

Access to the excavation site from the No.8 expressway (E67 international road) in the direction of the town center. From the direction of the town center, along Jan Paweł II Street (county road no. 4327 E) in the direction of Sulejowski Water Reservoir and also the locality of Borki, in accordance with the road signs currently in place and the municipal information system.

It is also possible to reach the excavation site by town public buses (No. 2 from Kościuszko Square and also along the bike path made of mineral pitch and connecting Tomaszów Mazowiecki with Sulejowski Water Reservoir).

 

PROGRESS OF THE UNDERGROUND TOURIST ROUTE

 

In Nagórzyckie Grottoes, the underground route has been provided with a traditional, mining  chock support made of wood, with its parts at a distance of one meter one from another. The length of the sightseeing route is approximately 160 m.

The route proceeds through the central part of the excavation sites, along the two parallel illuminated shafts, and includes exhibitions devoted to history and such as are thematically connected with the grottoes themselves. The purpose of them is presenting the site and the history of the excavation site, and also the process of taking advantage of the unique sand for the production of glass, as well as making the visitors acquainted with the local legends connected with this place.

 Due to the latticework structure of chock support, the entire underground space is visible. Providing the route with illumination of the chosen elements of excavation sites and also the arranged  details results in offering exceptionally interesting visual effects. 

In the north-west part of Nagórzyckie Grottoes, in the place at which the caving occurred, an escape shaft was constructed. Its depth is approximately 17 m.  

 

AVAILABILITY OF THE FACILITY TO TOURISTS

Length of the route – approximately 160 m.

Sightseeing with a guide in the groups of between 5 and 25 people.

Duration of the tour: approximately 40 minutes.

Temperature inside: approximately 9oC.

Humidity: approximately 65-85 %.

Along the route, electric lighting system is provided. 

The facility is adjusted to the needs of the disabled.  

 

 

Contact

 

Town Office in Tomaszów Mazowiecki

Department of Strategy and Project Management

10#16 P.O.W. Street

97-200 Tomaszów Mazowiecki

tel. +48 44 724 23 11 ex. 274, 275

http://www.tomaszow-maz.pl 

http://www.tomaszow-maz.eu/537-GrotyNagrzyckie.html 

 

 

 

 

THE OPEN-AIR MUSEUM OF THE PILICA RIVER

 

The Open-Air Museum of the Pilica River in Tomaszów Mazowiecki has been created since the year 2000 as a green-field investment – on the area of the former river bed of the Pilica River. This is the first open-air museum in Poland devoted to a river. The facilities acquired by this establishment are of peculiar character due to the history of them, as well as their function and architectural design. The majority of the exhibits have been collected in the most valuable facility in the establishment, namely, a wooden watermill transferred here from the area next to the Luciąża River. The name of the architectural ’pearl’ of the Open-Air Museum is well deserved by the monumental small railroad station from the Czarnocin railroad stop. What is also unique, is a small house from Spała on the Pilica River, once upon a time serving as a forest restroom for Tsar Nicolaus II and his retinue. 

Among many interesting artifacts in the open-air museum, there are: a German  artillery tractor recovered from the Pilica River, a T-34 tank, working models of mills, a collection of millstones (the largest one in Poland), a river barge of the ’Szczupak’ type (more than one hundred years old) and an authentic bunker from the times of the Second World War. The establishment is also in the possession of a collection of valuable archival and iconographical materials. The main and consistently pursued objective of the Open-Air Museum of the Pilica River is developing a living establishment, in which the nature and history of the river, and also the cultural space which was created by this river, will be accessible to investigation with use of all senses. Apart from displaying exhibits, the events which occurred on the Pilica River and remained in a close connection with that, are presented here. The Open-Air Museum is a place which attracts children, for whom the establishment offers, among others, educational classes, such as ’Environmental Sources of Energy’, ’Road of Grains from Field to Mill’ or ’Pilica as Line of Defense’. 

 

Contact data:

 

The Open Air Museum of the Pilica River

9#11 A.F. Modrzewski Street

97-200 Tomaszów Mazowiecki

Tel./fax.: (044) 723-00-03

www.skansenpilicy.pl

E-mail address: info@skansenpilicy.pl

 

We cordially invite all those who are interested:

- in the period between 1st April and 31st  October, from Tuesday to Sunday (the opening hours are: 10.00 a.m. – 6.00 p.m);

- in the period between 1st November and 31st March, from Tuesday to Friday (the opening hours: 8.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m.), and also on Saturdays and Sundays) the opening hours: 10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m.). The Open-Air Museum is closed on Mondays. 

 

Admission tickets:

Full-price – 5 PLN

Reduced-price – 4 PLN (schoolchildren, students, the retired and pensioners)

Guide’s service – 25 PLN

Children until the age of four – admission free of charge.

 

 

 

 

THE BLUE SPRINGS NATURE RESERVE

 

The Blue Springs Nature Reserve is located in central Poland, within the area of former Pilica primeval forest (now Spała forest is part of it), on the right bank of the Pilica River, within the administrative borders of the town of Tomaszów Mazowiecki in Łódź Province. The Blue Springs Nature Reserve comprises spring basins, broads covered with alder forest along with canals and islands and part of the pine woods upland.

The Blue Springs Nature Reserve, also called Celeste Springs or Cereulean Waters in the past, have been an attraction in respect of their nature and landscape phenomenon for a long time. The first records referring to them come from 18the century. It was a subject of interest for the owners of that land and founders of Tomaszów – the Ostrowskis family, it was visited by  Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, numerous natural scientists, sightseers and residents of Tomaszów. However, at that time the surroundings of the Blue Springs were different from what we can see now. After the year 1936  the Municipal Officers started the process of transformation of the Blue Springs into a public tourist and nature park. Until the outbreak of the World War II a lot of earthwork was made, a network of canals were built in, islands were formed, and dikes created. At that time a landscape of that place was formed in the way we know it today. In the year 1961 a nature reserve was created. It is a landscape park covering the area of 28.77 ha.

 

In the 1950s of the 20th Century, water intake was built on the Pilica River, opposite the Blue Springs with two deep water wells, which caused a substantial decrease in the exsurgent efficiency. At present the wells are practically of no use. Between years 1994 and 1997 the Municipal Office of  Tomaszów Mazowiecki implemented a costly program of renovation of the Blue Springs. The program comprised broad earth and water works which were to desluge the reservoirs and to increase the efficiency of the Springs. The program was completed successfully.

For the sake of great nature values recognizable both in Poland and Central Europe, the Blue Springs Nature Reserve was submitted to be a listed site in  the Natura 2000 European Ecological Network.  The Special Protection Area of the Blue Springs Habitats was approved by the European Commission in November 2007 and identified with code PLH 100005. There are 5 types of habitats in Natura 2000 (rare and valuable in Europe): 7220 - calcareous ground  springs with Cratoneurion commutati, 91E0 – riparian forests, 3150 – eutrophic reservoirs with Nympheion,   9170 – Subcontinental forests Tilio-Carpinetum and 91T0 – inland lichen Scots pine forest Cladonio-Pinetum  as well as 3 species listed on Annex II of the Habitats Directive: Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, European beaver Castor fiber, European otter Lutra lutra. 


Fundusze Europejskie dla rozwoju regionu łódzkiego